Dhyana Meditation: An Introduction To The Meaning And Practice Of Dhyana

In this guide: Learn how to do Dhyana Meditation technique, the history of dhyana and what it means, and discover ways to add dhyana meditation to your practice. 


Click To Tweet

All things are linked with one another, and this oneness is sacred – Marcus Aerilius





The Origins Of Dhyana Meditation

There’s  heated debate the origins of Dhyana meditation, just as there are heated debates about meditation.

Some believe that Dhyana meditation techinque is a Buddhist practice that was founded alongside mindfulness. Others argue that Dhyana was first mentioned in the Hindu text the Upanishads.

In the Upanishads, Lord Krishna advises Arjuna to “fulfill his Kshatriya (warrior) duty as a warrior and establish Dharma”. This led to the development of Hindu dharma. Many historians believe it was in this conversation between prince Arjuna and Lord Krishna that Dhyana was first mentioned, where it becomes a synthesis of other Hindu and Yogic practices.


prince arjuna hindu
Many believe the term Dhyana was first mentioned in the discussions between Prince Arjuna and Lord Krishna, which is depicted in the Hindu classic the Upanishads


But just exactly what does Dhyana mean?

Dhyana means “Deeper awareness of oneness”. When you practice dhyana meditation you train your mind to perceive yourself and the world as one. This is achieved via a special meditation practice. In Dhyana meditation the meditator is aware of only two things: The origin of consciousness and the object on which they are meditating. We will look at this in detail in just a moment.



An Introduction To Dhyana Meditation

Imagine that you are made of three points. The first point is the origin. This is the very core from which consciousness stems. It is like the sun. It is the creator.

The second point is your mind body. Here you may be aware of thoughts and feelings. These thoughts and feelings are like clouds that prevent the sun from breaking through.

The third and final part is reality itself. If you are meditating on an object, on your breath for instance, this third part will be that object. In a breathing meditation the third part is the breath. Likewise, in a candle meditation the third part is the candle.

When practicing Dhyana meditation technique you are only aware of points 1 and 2. You are aware of the origin of your own consciousness, and you are aware of the object on which you are meditating.


dhyana meditation
Dhyana meditation is different to other meditation techniques because in dhyana meditation consciousness is directly connected to the object.


By removing the second point (thoughts and feeling) we put consciousness in direct contact with the object of meditation.

This is Dhyana meditation: direct oneness with the object of meditation.

When practicing Dhyana you will not be aware of the fact that you are meditating, you will only be aware of your consciousness and the object of meditation.



Dhyana is an advanced meditation practice. It is not a god practice for newcomers. If you have only been practicing meditation for a year or so, you must begin by practicing samatha meditation.

This is very important.

Samatha meditation really must be practiced before Dhyana, because unless you have a  calm and focused the mind there is no chance of achieving a true state of oneness.

Your author for this article:

Paul Martin Harrison

Im on a mission to spread spirituality and enlightenment. How? By writing and teaching. You guys asked me to write a book that will teach you how to meditate properly and how to find enlightenment. Guess what? The book is out now. It's called Welcome To Silence : A Practical Guide To Mindfulness And Meditation.